Qnap Check File System Command Line

With this guide you can easily install JDownloader 2 (from now on JD2) on your nas Qnap, both version are supported, Arm and Intel! Premise This method is "fully" automated, just follow this simple step! This script install also the qpkg for your Qnap, so you can activate and deactivate it through the App Center on your Qnap system. This guide will guide you on how to setup DHCP or static IP address from command Line in Linux. Command to run to check health Maximum IO bandwidth limit for the system drive (Windows only) --label-file: Read in a line delimited file of labels. When you want to use ssh with keys, the first thing that you will need is a key. The QNAP TS-112-US is a one-bay Network Attached Storage (NAS) designed to take your home entertainment to a new level. TVS-X63_20151118-4. Then run the filesystem check again. cpl and check which NICs are disabled. My QNAP TS-239 Pro, and which I have had for more than two years seamlessly running, is no longer visible on the network; when I switch it off and on the power green button is not lit and the fan is. How to Manually Recreate a WINS Database. Reset Network & Virtual Switch I was testing different configurations on with the virtual switches and now i cannot access the QNAP at all (Web page or network drive). dd is available on QNAP, but example given here uses pv (which is missing on QNAP) and is clearly oriented on copying one large file instead of folder structure, so I skipped this part. QNAP introduces the snapshot shared folder to contain only one shared folder on a single volume, reducing the time of recovering single folders to a few seconds. [a] df command – Shoe file system disk space usage. If you encountered problems to run the filesystem check, like failed to umount volume, you may try to stop all qpkg services in AppCenter like below. It is generally set to 'root'. QNAP makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied, or statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or use of this documentation and all. HPONCFG enables you to initially configure features exposed through the RBSU or iLO. Right click on it and select “Check”. Recently I installed Minidlna ver. For QNAP NAS devices, we have dedicated AhsayOBM agents for directly installation on the NAS devices to backup files with the NAS. json file located in the ~/testconfigs/ directory. The result was any linked volume will become 'Read Only' state, you must do a 'Check File System' to enable the Storage Pool. You can remotely access and manage your. Active Directory users could not access the previous versions of a shared folder on Windows. How to quickly audit a Linux system from the command line. If lqpath/foorq is a symlink to lqbarrq on the destination system, the receiving rsync would ordinarily delete lqpath/foorq, recreate it as a directory, and. It is suggested that you run “check disk”. In your NFS share line in. On Linux, each mounted file system is assigned a major number, which indicates what file system type it is (eg. Some of the most notable benefits that NFS can provide are: Local workstations use less disk space because commonly used data can be stored on a single machine and still remain accessible to others over the network. This command. I went through troubleshooting the mysql. /etc/passwd), system library files, and device files. I've created a package for Plex on QNAP ARM x19 series NAS. Theatre System. To Use a Command Prompt at Boot. Generally, it happens when the data volume is not un-mounted properly. This image is prepared for arm32v7 only. revealed that SSH and the command line was the way to go, so that we can then promptly end them and run our file system check. Products Storage. It is suggested that you run "check disk" and after you start a disk check and you end up with message like this:. Some distros such as slackware and debian use different run level numbers. i try to restore superblock: (QNAP!) If there is no file system superblock or the check fail, you can try backup superblock. It will popup the data volume management dialog. May 18, 2007 When it is necessary to know how much space is used on your disks and how much is free, the df (Disk Free) command line tool is what you need. Then log in with your ADMIN account on your QNAP. These tests can measure maximum TCP bandwidth, with various tuning options available, or, by doing a UDP test, the delay, jitter, and datagram loss of a network. Topics are described for both SPARC and x86 systems, where appropriate. A : This is a limitation of Windows. The advantage of that method is you can easily upgrade to the latest LMS once you have done the complete initial installing procedure. Check and download the latest and available QNAP mobile applications. QNAP NAS Checking File System Posted on December 21, 2014 December 21, 2014 by massenz Recently, I had the following warning about the file system being “unclean” on my QNAP NAS and, when running the “Check file system” command from the Admin Web interface, this failed stating that the disk could not be unmounted. This is necessary because the Unix shell, not the scp command, expands unquoted wildcards. (In most cases, this will be the C: drive, but you shouldn't hardcode that value because it won't always be true. Tips and tricks on managing qnap servers. Using system command in Qt. You can run ncpa. QNAP NAS Cannot unmount disk. Once that’s done, you can mount the device. Use the su command instead if you’re using a. QNAP supports SSH. 3 on your QNAP. Once a SMB share is mounted it acts similar to a local hard drive (you can access the SMB share. Regarding how to update the firmware manually via command line, you will have to upload the firmware image (e. How Do I Restart MySQL Server? Each distribution comes with a shell script (read as service) to restart / stop / start MySQL server. Can I force Sync to do local network (LAN) syncing only and not sync via the Internet? Using Archive for file versioning and restoring deleted files. By default, nsx_isSSHEnabled and nsx_allowSSHRootLogin are both disabled for security reasons. Mac - Open Terminal from the Utilities folder. Trash folder in your home directory (~/. Finding duplicate files can be very easy if your machine is powered by GNU/Linux, thanks to 'fdupes' utility. If you already login Turbo Station from the PC, you cannot login Turbo Station with another user name from the same PC unless you logout. I have connected to qnap via SSH and trying this. img) to a shared folder in the NAS (e. Command Line Parameters. Check your NAS model and download the system full image from the link below. Samba shares are working without a problem - I am copying files from various Win clients on the LAN over to the Turnkey File Server shares. 4 (27-Jan-2009) e2fsck: Device or resource busy while trying to open /dev/md0. Windows will now check the disk. Greetings Forum: I have Turnkey File Server up and running in a Proxmox Container. But after inspecting the files my QNAP Surveillance Station actually wrote to my NAS filesystem - it turned out that Surveillance Station had saved them as W264 files. Find FAQs and tutorials about QNAP NAS. date --set='-2 years' to set the clock back two years, leaving all other elements identical. And reboot the NAS. Step 2: Check device status – WiFi network from command line By this time many of you are thinking, why two network devices. Accessing an SMB Share With Linux Machines. /QlogitechMediaServer. It will scan all System Files, DLLs and Registry Keys that have been damaged by security threats. Click Check File System. cd /share/Public. Network File System (NFS) By using NFS, users and programs can access files on remote systems almost as if they were local files. revealed that SSH and the command line was the way to go, so that we can then promptly end them and run our file system check. Normally you have to login to the Dell or HP management website and dig around before you can get the serial number. To configure VLAN interfaces to be persistent after a system restart, use ifcfg files. Search Search. How to Start / Stop Services on Qnap. I have rebooted my NAS many times. This is common when malware creators don't want to affect people in particular countries due to criminal penalties. caused by an update QNAP did to the Apache Config file do this yourself via either the AppCenter or on the command line. QNAP makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied, or statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or use of this documentation and all. You can check your configuration files for syntax errors without starting the server by using apachectl configtest or the -t command line option. The MySQL user name can be specified using USER (this is for Windows only). On my testing system, there are a number of attached drives (both internal and external). How do i check if the SMTP-server is in working? Can I send emails manually from Linux commandline?. It is suggested that you run "check disk" and after you start a disk check and you end up with message like this:. It allows the communication between SCVMM and QNAP Turbo NAS by using a standard interface that is based on the Common Information Model. Check Uboot File After Read Failed. Let’s say you have issues connecting to another server (call it Server1) across a WAN where there is a firewall in place. you are my hero, every night at 3 am my rest is disturbed by the noise of de disks of the qnap. QNAP supports SSH. This file, if present, acts a channel for request from the kernel-based nfs server to be passed to a user-space program for handling. Which means myfile. On the Qnap forums , user kupy123 gave some great advice for getting ExFAT running on a Qnap SAN. It allows the communication between SCVMM and QNAP Turbo NAS by using a standard interface that is based on the Common Information Model. Use zcat to recover some data. 9, “MySQL Program Environment Variables”. 814-2 - A module which allows Perl programs to make use of the facilities provided by Berkeley DB version 1. , if you want to access it via SSH and play a little around Linux on-board. Despite the popularity of window managers that offer graphical user interfaces, the best way to search for files in Linux still requires a shell. sh start On startup will check if there is a update for LMS, upgraded if available. In this time we have problably damaged many parts and settings and it is better to have an nice blank system again. The commands used are agnostic to where a drive is plugged in; they only care that the drive is mounted and visible to the operating system. The good news is these command-line tools are readily available for every Linux distribution. Firmware Reflash For Ts- x79 Series. It is the config file that controls init's behavior. First, you need to login using ssh interface. Rsync is a command line utility. QNAP designs and delivers high-quality network attached storage (NAS) and professional network video recorder (NVR) solutions to users from home, SOHO to small, medium businesses. To check for applicable models, please refer to the product comparison table on the QNAP website. I was able to get them back online using Open Manage, but one of the drives lost its data and had to be rebuilt. This is an index file used by the quota tool for keeping track of the user’s disk size. Accessing an SMB Share With Linux Machines. You can run ncpa. For some command-line operations, you may need to know the system volume path. After a file system check, Using MBR. HowTo: Measuring local network throughput using Qnap NAS. Q&A for computer enthusiasts and power users. By continuing to browse our site you. Users attempting to use it should be familiar with the command line (see Using the Terminal). If you prefer a graphical interface, see the Grsync section of this page. /QLogitechMediaServer. Note: Starting QTS 4. QNAP introduces the snapshot shared folder to contain only one shared folder on a single volume, reducing the time of recovering single folders to a few seconds. QPKG Files are typically Zipped - Unzip First! Most QPKG files online have been zipped, but the QNAP NAS cannot handle this, you MUST UNZIP the file FIRST and upload the UNZIPPED file!Packages can be found through your QNAP web interface ("GET QPKG" button in screenshots below), and for example on the QNAP Appliances Page and in the QNAP Support Forum. Qnap XBMC Feature: Turn Qnap Into a Real Home-Theatre System Qnap Unable To Play MKV Files Anymore After Firmware Update And Gives “The Video Does Not Support Online Playback or Does Not Exist” Error?. Update 9/18/2012 - A helpful reader pointed out that you can make rsync automatically start at boot time. rsync is the command, followed by the '-a' flag which lets the system know to preserve the permissions, ownership, timestamp, and if rsyncing a directory, to do it recursively. Finally, I've tried to run cmd. QNAP designs and delivers high-quality network attached storage (NAS) and professional network video recorder (NVR) solutions to users from home, SOHO to small, medium businesses. The ransomware is very simple with its source code being fewer than 400 lines. For example, if I need to get the mac address for my WiFi card, output of getmac command is not helpful. exe is a utility in Microsoft Windows located in C:\Windows\System32 folder. The highl ighted entry wiAl be booted automatically in Z8 seconds. These tutorials are only aimed at the operating system Ubuntu. The "File system is not clean" message is to notice the user to do the file system check to make sure the data integrity. Recently I installed Minidlna ver. The following command will display the size, blocks, IO blocks, file type, inode value, number of links and much more information about the file /var/log/syslog, as shown in the screenshot:. 14 Command Line Tools to Check CPU Usage in Linux May 9, 2017 Updated August 24, 2019 By Dwijadas Dey LINUX HOWTO , MONITORING CPU performance is one aspect of measuring the performance of a system. Damit man auch wirklich mal einige Dinge ausprobieren kann ohne das eigentliche System vollzusauen habe ich mich für ein Xen-Setup entschieden. [b] mount command - Show all mounted file systems. How to quickly audit a Linux system from the command line. ( read more ) 3. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Is there a Command Line Interface (CLI) for Sync 2. The QNAP TS-112-US is a one-bay Network Attached Storage (NAS) designed to take your home entertainment to a new level. Or, if someone’s already asked, you can search for the best answer. Any file without Password will be unpacked fine. A reconstruction of the source code tree is shown below. QNAP heeft een update voor versie 4. It will diagnose your damaged PC. You can effectively "empty" the Recycle Bin from the command line by permanently deleting the Recycle Bin directory on the drive that contains the system files. To install, run the following command in your Linux terminal. 26 QNAP build. QNAP: File System is not clean phi3nix How to: Hardware command line, Linux, NAS, QNAP This is my way how to check and clean files system fast on QNAP. x on Windows? Is there a Command Line Interface (CLI) for Sync 2. The init program is the first program that runs. df - Linux command line tool to display disk space usage. if the IP address displayed by the QNAP Finder is 192. IT@Home: Monitoring QNAP NAS with Nagios Once I had a Nagios server set up running on my network, I was trying to figure what would be a good way to monitor the status of my QNAP TS-209 Pro NAS box. To run batch script either pass script file using /script parameter or specify the commands directly on command line using /command. pdf), Text File (. Samba shares are working without a problem - I am copying files from various Win clients on the LAN over to the Turnkey File Server shares. Any file without Password will be unpacked fine. Log in to QTS. Once you download rar files from the Internet, you need a program that will extract them - unpack or unrar them. Public) first, and then execute several commands with SSH/Telnet. It allows the communication between SCVMM and QNAP Turbo NAS by using a standard interface that is based on the Common Information Model. The functionality is standard for a ransomware: check if already encrypted, walk the file system for files to encrypt, encrypt the files, and produce the ransom note. Go to Control Panel > System Settings > Storage Manager > Volume Management. What else can I try to get this working?. cfg: define command{ command_name check_qnap. Have a question about macOS Server? Ask everyone. crt file and fill your info. Samba shares are working without a problem - I am copying files from various Win clients on the LAN over to the Turnkey File Server shares. sock file and everything, changing its permissions, but nothing is working. file: Corrupt input. Topics are described for both SPARC and x86 systems, where appropriate. Do all Qnap nas users eventually have to issue Linux commands, or is it just for the techies that want to hack? All I plan on using the TS-209II for is an application/file server. 1Q VLAN Tagging Using ifcfg Files”. just need the. Users attempting to use it should be familiar with the command line (see Using the Terminal). fsck is a useful command that can check your filesystem for errors and fix them automatically. The find command, with its myriad options and switches, offers the most powerful and precise features to surface what you're looking for. 2-2) to root. using commandline in VB6 by shelling to that request, then the Qnap response redirect this output to a file, and read in VB the file and syncronyse the Time variable in VB for that machine. Backing up iSCSI LUNs The entire LUN can be backed up as an image file and saved to a different location. This image is prepared for arm32v7 only. Further, I have received comments that this command does not help identify the mac address for a specific device. But SABnzbd is not using the file. 0-1 - Curl is a command line tool for transferring files with URL syntax, supporting FTP, FTPS, HTTP, HTTPS, GOPHER, TELNET, DICT, FI libdb - 4. Go to the correct folder. 14" which are difficult (or impossible) to use in. [b] mount command - Show all mounted file systems. Server Fault is a question and answer site for system and network administrators. Its comes with an Intel Atom CPU and 1 GB memory within the compact chassis, offering much more than just acting as a network accessible storage device. df - Linux command line tool to display disk space usage. Now it’s time to restart Linux Station. SSH with Keys in a console window. ケースを開けた。 基板は横のネジを2つ外すと後ろに引き出すことができる。. QNAP Shell command to view what users are presently accessing a file. To specify a different directory, use the DOCKER_CONFIG environment variable or the --config command line option. Which means myfile. The information of the on-line users connecting to the NAS by networking services is shown on this page. txt is stored on nas. OpenSSL includes a command line utility that can be used to perform a variety of cryptographic functions. Q&A for computer enthusiasts and power users. cpl and check which NICs are disabled. From the command line run cat /etc/hosts. with QNAP NAS. The compressed file has been damaged. Having read this thread i opened a held desk ticket with QNAP explaining the problem and they replied this morning providing instructions via PDF. I replaced a hot swap power supply and three of the drives in the raid 5 array went offline. Re: QNAP QPKG for DVR Record Engine Post by poit57 » Tue Apr 12, 2016 1:42 pm I've installed the 0. Go to the correct folder. rsync is the command, followed by the '-a' flag which lets the system know to preserve the permissions, ownership, timestamp, and if rsyncing a directory, to do it recursively. or check for application updates here. Most of the times, if you have enough free space in file system, you will have only a few fragmented files, and often they will be in your home dir, related to your web browser activity. If you prefer to automate or use CLI for the NSX Manager installation, you can use the VMware OVF Tool, which is a command-line utility. Its linked correct in Folders Settings in SABNZBD. QNAP® Systems, Inc. The reason I am using two is because I would like to show how a connected and disconnected device looks like side by side. caused by an update QNAP did to the Apache Config file do this yourself via either the AppCenter or on the command line. cpl and check which NICs are disabled. 10 open a Command Prompt and enter the following command:. In fact, it is "fake" since it shows various files containing useful pieces of information to do with your system, however none of these files actually exist until they are opened, in which case the system does a quick check to find the required information, displays it and pretends that it was there all along. Then I changed it back to 755, deleted the log file and started the service from the command line and saw a log file pop in there. 814-2 - A module which allows Perl programs to make use of the facilities provided by Berkeley DB version 1. In this post we shall learn to use the find command along with various options that it supports. On my QNAP, it shows that /dev/md0 is the device (my RAID 1 Volume) and the location is /share/MD0_DATA. txt, myfile. 1, “Setting Up 802. Active Directory users could not access the previous versions of a shared folder on Windows. hpasmcli is a scriptable command line interface for interacting with the hpasmd or hpasmxld management daemons. 0 Firmware & If this command give “Root Failed” dont go on and contact with Qnapsupport team. No websites, no downloads, no musci, no videos etc. What is PHP CLI? PHP CLI is a short for PHP Command Line Interface. Now it's time to restart Linux Station. qnap / vncpassword indeed holds your password as content. At V3R7, it is possible to mount files from other systems over IBM OS/400 directories, using NFS. If you are looking for a hot-swap unit to manage backups, these new Qnap units are certainly not for you. 3 on your QNAP. Attempting to restart adb but version check failed android studio. Log in to QTS. I look for is a way to "interrogate" the qnap by command line ( Qnap has option for that I believe) My programs are in VB6 so if i could e. You must ssh in as user admin. OpenSSL is a library that provides cryptographic functionality to applications such as secure web servers. OneCD, Thank you for replying and thank you for your very kind welcome! I had actually tried to read the good explanation that you suggested but it became a little bit tricky to understand and I didn't think it applied because of the QNAP file system not including rc#. The application is usually placed in the C:\Program Files (x86)\QNAP\QVR. • If the disk is in RAID but Web UI show it is single, or the RAID information is different to the actual disk RAID data ( checked by mdadm -E), then the raidtab should be corrupt. Accessing an SMB Share With Linux Machines. Hi guys , There's a folder called public located on Qnap NAS storage 469 pro and the files inside this folder is deleted and folder size becomes 0 kb , luckily there's daily backup (replication) on another NAS storage so I wanted to know the steps to recover the content of this folder back to the main NAS storage. crt file and fill your info. VIII - How to Change Ip Adress via Command Line? (For Advanced Users!) IX - How to To Give IP Adress From DHCP via Command Line (For Advanced Users!). The compressed file has been damaged. 2-2 - A time synchronization daemon ntpclient - 2007_365-1 - Using RFC1305 (NTP), retrieves a remote date and time [~] # [~] # ipkg install ntp Installing ntp (4. file: Corrupt input. While trying to sort out a number of mishaps while our sysadmins were away, I learned that QNAP uses Samba/SMB. After a power outage that went beyond the time of UPS' ability to keep things running, the unit shut down. 477 build 1. I have the QNAS TS-231 server with one HDD installed. Basically all these files are is a list of commands that are run inside a terminal to copy, move, and create files in your file system. It is suggested that you run "check disk" and after you start a disk check and you end up with message like this:. Mount Your Drive. This HowTo will suggest a few methods for listing such files in specific directories or complete file systems. The example below overrides runs the docker ps command using a config. You can get it from above. Windows 7 works perfectly with the same command. It has two sub folders called files and info. How to Manually Recreate a WINS Database. Go to the correct folder. This is a limitation of Windows. Useful utilities enhance the experience. To do so I started with the following command, udisksctl unlock -b /dev/sda3 where sda3 is the encrypted partition. To solve this problem, please run Command Prompt in Windows and input the command [net use]. For instance, if a command-line arg or a files-from entry told rsync to transfer the file lqpath/foo/filerq, the directories lqpathrq and lqpath/foorq are implied when --relative is used. To mount an NFS file system, the resource must be made available on the server by using the share command. The QNAP TS-112-US is a one-bay Network Attached Storage (NAS) designed to take your home entertainment to a new level. file: compressed with xx bits, can only handle yy bits. The easiest way to do it is to use the -r flag. You can remotely access and manage your. Once you have restarted Linux Station, verify that the file / tmp /. rsync is the command, followed by the '-a' flag which lets the system know to preserve the permissions, ownership, timestamp, and if rsyncing a directory, to do it recursively. Qnap Unable To Play MKV Files Anymore After Firmware Update And Gives "The Video Does Not Support Online. way to backup or synchronize files from your QNAP NAS to. 6 GHz, 4 GB DDR4, 2 x RJ45, 4 x USB 3. Check if process is running - Windows. More detailed control, and the ability to interact with a running client, is provided by the boinccmd tool. In this case I’m using ntfs-3g as I know it’s a NTFS filesystem. QNAP: File System is not clean phi3nix How to: Hardware command line, Linux, NAS, QNAP This is my way how to check and clean files system fast on QNAP. (The QNAP also uses screen itself so you may see other sessions listed. Add the following entry to the client's vfstab file. Products Storage. To disable this feature, click "Stop logging". This article deals with installing Optware (IPKG) on QNAP TS-210 NAS machine. 494 build 1. Next, open GParted and select the filesystem you want to check. Here we will describe mini-redirector provided with Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7 and Windows Vista. Check and Repair Your Filesystem With fsck [Linux] By Damien - Posted on Sep 2, 2013 Sep 12, 2017 in Linux No matter how well you take care of your computer, sometimes, it will just crash and you often have to pull off the plug to restart the computer. This is an index file used by the quota tool for keeping track of the user’s disk size. Windows 7 works perfectly with the same command. Don’t mount the hard drive that contains the deleted files; if the partition remains unmounted, you can’t overwrite the data it contains. If you prefer a graphical interface, see the Grsync section of this page. However a lot of Unix distros look similar. , if you want to access it via SSH and play a little around Linux on-board. file: compressed with xx bits, can only handle yy bits. Figuring out what Windows shares your client has mounted is straightforward too. Easy Integration • Test cases = text files – Compatible with any version control system • Command line interface – Easy to execute tests by external tools • Plugins for common CI and build tools 14. Thread starter You will need to check the SSH connection from the cPanel server's command line to the remote backup server: I am testing. This utility allows users to scan for and restore corrupt Windows system files. Linux (UNIX) machines can also browse and mount SMB shares. conf ] Prepare system to run LMS, on it's own chrooted file-system ! If LMS crashes, will try to start LMS in the failsafe mode !. x on Windows?. Also, please be noted that some part of this article. Active Directory users could not access the previous versions of a shared folder on Windows. txt - even though they are all spelt the same. also i have found that when updating the server on a Qnap nas that you have to stop the server both at the emby server dashboard and then at the app store icon before updating then after the update restart the server at the app store icon and works everytime for me, if don't do that way then does some goofy stuff sometimes HTH in the future. It is suggested that you run "check disk" and after you start a disk check and you end up with message like this:. Command Line Interface. Reset Network & Virtual Switch I was testing different configurations on with the virtual switches and now i cannot access the QNAP at all (Web page or network drive). Samba Client - Manual Configuration. A file system type code of auto lets the kernel auto-detect the filesystem type, which can be a convenient option for removable media devices. After a power outage that went beyond the time of UPS' ability to keep things running, the unit shut down. Useful utilities enhance the experience. Log in to your NAS wit. The highl ighted entry wiAl be booted automatically in Z8 seconds. Select Actions > Check File System. Being able to recover data from hard drive with bad sectors, virus, corrupted file system or deleted/damaged unreadable file directory, it is the best solution to protect your important data from the possible data loss disaster that caused by "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" issue. This book is for anyone responsible for administering one or more systems that run the Oracle Solaris 10 release. How to Manually Recreate a WINS Database. The command you should be using in this case is grep. txt) or read online for free. The bwctl client application works by contacting a bwctld process on the two test endpoint systems. You can use screen -ls to check what sessions are running. The external storage device can be formatted as EXT3, EXT4, FAT32, NTFS, or HFS+ (Mac only) file system. Samba Client - Manual Configuration. Optware is a must-have, if you want to do anything with your NAS that goes beyond using as simple network storage. Some of the most notable benefits that NFS can provide are: Local workstations use less disk space because commonly used data can be stored on a single machine and still remain accessible to others over the network. Location of the local time file Linux looks at /etc/localtime to determine the current time of your machine. Cleaning up minor inconsistencies on the drive.